・小学校外国語活動ためのカリキュラム その7

3.2 目標の設定の例


【設定11】ものの説明をする.

名前:It is called a “snow sculpture” in English.
種類:It is a kind of fish.
類似:It is something like a large egg.
用途:It is used for calculations. (calculations:計算)
容器:It comes in a paper bag. (紙袋に入っている)
材料:It is made of paper.
五味:It is sweet/ salty/ sour/ bitter/ hot.
五感:It looks good. It sounds good. It smells good. It tastes good. It feels good.
形:It looks like an egg shaped.
It is 3/4/5/… cornered. (3/4/5/...角形.)
重量:It is 100 kg.
長さ・深さ:It is 30 cm long/ deep.
色:It is white.
中間色:It is pinkish white.


【設定12】いろいろな質問の仕方

A: What time do you get up?
B: I usually get up at six.

A: What do you do after school?
B: I go to juku three days a week.

A: What do you usually do every Sunday?
B: I play baseball with my friends.

A: How much is it? (How much does it cost?)
B: It is 200 yen.

A: How do you say ringo in English?
B: You say Apples in English.

A: How do you spell your name?
B: T-O-M-O-K-O
A: How did you know that?
B: I learned it in class. (My teacher taught me it./ I read it in the book./ The book says that./ The newspaper says it.)

A: How many bags do you have?
B: I have three bags.

A: You are going to be late for school again. 
B: Yes, it looks like I’m going to be late for school.

A: What will the weather be like tomorrow?
B: The weather forecast said/says that we are going have snow tomorrow.
(It looks like we are going to have snow)

A: How will the weather be like tomorrow?
(What kind of weather will we have tomorrow?)
B: It will rain tomorrow.

A: I don’t have enough time for breakfast.
B: You have to eat something before you leave.

A: May I have corn flakes for breakfast?
B: Yes, you may.

A: May I go to Nami’s house?
Mom: Yes. Please eat your breakfast first.


【設定13】丁寧な表現

許可:May I use your pen?
Do you mind if I sit here?
Do you mind me sitting next to you?

依頼:Will you please close the door?
Would you please …?
Could you please …?
Would you …?
Could you …?
I would appreciate it if you could ….

丁寧な要望:I would like to (move to Sapporo).

勧誘:Would you like to (have another cup of coffee)?
How would you like to have…?


【設定14】状況・理由について説明する.

時代,経済,人間関係などあることの状況を表すのに「things」で代用する.

○Things are good
○Things are bad.
○Things are getting better.
○Things are getting worse.


理由の説明

○I have to clear the snow away because we have a lot of snow on the ground.
○That’s why I had to go there all the way there.(それでわざわざそこまで行かなければならなかった.)


もちろん,教材と言語材料の例はこれがすべてではありません.教材もまだたくさんあり,またその1つの教材から多数の言語材料があると言えます.子どもたちの実態に合わせて,よりよいものに変えていただければと思います.



4.カリキュラムの作成のまとめ

第3章で示した教材は,配列は自由です.ここで大切なことは,自分=Iが最も基礎的な教材であり,そこから少しずつ自分の世界が一般社会に向かって広がりを見せていくという配列の意識が自覚されなければならないということです.すなわち,学年を追うに従って「私→家族→友達→学級行事→学校行事→社会→異文化」のように「自分= I」から外に向かって世界をどんどん広げていく教材を用意することです.また,概念的構造のグループを作り出し,何度も唱えさせる作業を必ず入れることです.第1章から第3章までを通してカリキュラムの作成を述べてきました.





参考文献

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